Diabetes and Diabetic Wound Care
Today’s podiatrist plays a key role in helping patients manage diabetes successfully and avoid foot-related complications. Diabetes affects millions of people every year. A diabetic foot ulcer is an open sore or wound that occurs in approximately 15 percent of patients with diabetes and is commonly located on the bottom of the foot.
Blood vessels of the whole body are damaged due to diabetes including the blood vessels of the feet. Neuropathy, or nerve damage, can result from slower blood flow in the legs and feet. In diabetic patients neuropathy is very important to monitor, as diabetics are at risk for developing ulcers.
Every diabetic patient should daily wash and thoroughly dry the feet and clean between the toes and keep them dry.
Diabetic feet must be inspected on a daily basis. Even if no pain is felt, the entire foot should be examined for redness and sores. Neuropathy can often mask the pain of sores and ulcers, and cause these conditions to be overlooked. Use a magnifying mirror to examine the underside of your feet if needed.
It is recommended that diabetics wear will-fitting socks and shoes. Proper diabetic footwear is essential for all diabetic patients. Never walk barefoot, Not even at home! Always wear shoes or slippers. You could step on something and get a scratch or cut.
Patients with diabetes should monitor their blood sugar levels because blood sugar levels play a huge role in diabetic care. Monitoring these levels on a regular basis is highly advised. Keep your blood sugar levels in the normal range, as determined by your physician.
Do not smoke. Smoking restricts blood flow in your feet. Early treatment and daily inspection of diabetic feet are keys to staying healthy.
Put your feet in the best hands!
Visit a podiatrist if the diabetic patient is experiencing any conditions involving the feet which can cause infection. Diabetic foot care at home is possible if a patient is provided with instructions from their physician. Get periodic foot exams and set up regular visits with your podiatrist since proper diabetic foot care is necessary to prevent any complications.